AOP4Water partners have many years of experience in research, technological development and designing process schemes to successfully address environmental and timely challenges (also thanks to a careful look at the continuous evolution of national and international legislation), particularly in the treatment, recovery and reuse of water and wastewater, as supported by the following patent, research projects, scientific publications and awards.


Italian Patent for industrial invention N° 102021000001940 entitled “Advanced oxidation method for water treatment” by Raffaele Cucciniello, Antonino Fiorentino, Antonio Proto, Luigi Rizzo. (Submitted: 29/01/2021, Approved 10/02/2023).


  • “Levulinic Acid Valorization through Advanced Novel Technologies (LEVANTE)” project financed by Italian Ministry of University Education and Research. 2022 – 2025
  • “Decision support-based approach for sustainable water reuse application in agricultural production (DSWAP).” project financed by the EU (H2020, EU Funding for Research and Innovation) through the “Partnership for Research and Innovation in the Mediterranean Area Programme (PRIMA)”, 2019-2022.
  • “Green Processes for the Extraction of Active Ingredients and the Waste and Non-Waste Matrices treatment (PROGEMA)” project financed by PON “Research and Innovation” 2014-2020 and FSC funds. 2019-2022.
  • “ANtibioticS and mobile resistance elements in WastEwater Reuse applications: risks and innovative solutions (ANSWER)”, Innovative Training Networks (ITN), Call: H2020-MSCA-ITN-2015, 2015-2019.


Publications in high impact factor journals

Tertiary, quaternary treatment and reuse of urban wastewater

  • La Manna P., De Carluccio M., Oliva G., Vigliotta G., Rizzo L. (2024). Urban wastewater disinfection by iron chelates mediated solar photo-Fenton: Effects on seven pathogens and antibiotic resistance transfer potential. Water Research 249, 120966, (IF: 12.8; Q1).
  • Maniakova G., Rizzo L. (2023). Pharmaceuticals degradation and pathogens inactivation in municipal wastewater: a comparison among UVC photo-Fenton with chelating agents, UVC/H2O2 and ozonation. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering 11, 111356, (IF: 7.7; Q1).
  • Maniakova G., Polo Lopez M. I., Oller I., Malato S., Rizzo L. (2023). Ozonation Vs sequential solar driven processes as simultaneous tertiary and quaternary treatments of urban wastewater: A life cycle assessment comparison. Journal of Cleaner Production 413, 137507 (IF: 11.1; Q1).
  • La Manna P., De Carluccio M., Iannece P., Vigliotta G., Proto A., Rizzo L. (2023). Chelating agents supported solar photo-Fenton and sunlight/H2O2 processes for pharmaceuticals removal and resistant pathogens inactivation in quaternary treatment for urban wastewater reuse. Journal of Hazardous Materials 452, 131235 (IF: 13.6; Q1).
  • Rizzo L. (2022). Addressing main challenges in the tertiary treatment of urban wastewater: are homogeneous photodriven AOPs the answer? Environmental Science Water Research & Technology 8, 2145-2169. DOI: 10.1039/d2ew00146b. (IF: 5.0; Q1).
  • Maniakova G., Polo-López M.I., Oller I., Abeledo-Lameiro M.J., Malato S., Rizzo L. (2022). Simultaneous disinfection and microcontaminants elimination of urban wastewater secondary effluent by solar advanced oxidation sequential treatment at pilot scale. Journal of Hazardous Materials 436, 129134. (IF: 13.6; Q1).
  • Maniakova G., Salmerón I., Aliste M., Polo-López M.I., Oller I., Malato S., Rizzo L. (2022). Solar photo-Fenton at circumneutral pH using Fe(III)-EDDS compared to ozonation for tertiary treatment of urban wastewater: contaminants of emerging concern removal and toxicity assessment. Chemical Engineering Journal 431, 133474. (IF: 15.1; Q1).
  • Maniakova G., Salmerón I., Nahim-Granados S., Malato S., Oller I., Rizzo L., Polo-López M.I., (2021). Sunlight advanced oxidation processes Vs ozonation for wastewater disinfection and safe reclamation. Science of the Total Environment 787, 147531, (IF: 10.753; Q1).
  • Maniakova G., Salmerón I., Polo-López M.I., Oller I., Rizzo L., Malato S. (2021). Simultaneous removal of contaminants of emerging concern and pathogens from urban wastewater by homogeneous solar driven advanced oxidation processes. Science of the Total Environment 766, 144320, (IF: 10.753; Q1).
  • Zarrella I, Falivene L., Galiakberov V., Fiorentino A., Cucciniello R., Motta M., Rizzo L., Krasnogorskaya N., Proto A. (2021). Effect of the aqueous matrix on the inactivation of E. coli by permaleic acid. Science of the Total Environment 767, 144395, (IF: 10.753; Q1).
  • Rizzo L., Gernjak W., Krzeminski P., Malato S., McArdell C.S., Sanchez Perez J.A., Schaar H., Fatta-Kassinos D. (2020). Best available technologies and treatment trains to address current challenges in urban wastewater reuse for irrigation of crops in EU countries. Science of The Total Environment 710, 136312, (IF: 7.963; Q1).
  • Maniakova G., Kowalska K., Murgolo S., Mascolo G., Libralato G., Lofrano G., Sacco O., Guida M., Rizzo L. (2020). Comparison between heterogeneous and homogeneous solar driven advanced oxidation processes for urban wastewater treatment: Pharmaceuticals removal and toxicity. Separation and Purification Technology 236, 116249, DOI: (IF: 7.312; Q1).
  • Cerreta G., Roccamante M.A., Plaza-Bolaños P. Oller I. Aguera A. Malato S., Rizzo L. (2020). Advanced treatment of urban wastewater by UV-C/free chlorine process: Micro-pollutants removal and effect of UV-C radiation on trihalomethanes formation. Water Research 169, 115220, (IF: 11.236; Q1).
  • Kowalska K., Maniakova G., Carotenuto M., Sacco O., Vaiano V., Lofrano G., Rizzo L. (2020). Removal of carbamazepine, diclofenac and trimethoprim by solar driven advanced oxidation processes in a compound triangular collector based reactor: A comparison between homogeneous and heterogeneous processes. Chemosphere 238, 124665 (IF: 7.086; Q1).
  • Cerreta G., Roccamante M.A., Oller I., Malato S., Rizzo L. (2019). Contaminants of emerging concern removal from real wastewater by UV/free chlorine process: A comparison with solar/free chlorine and UV/H2O2 at pilot scale. Chemosphere 236, 124354, (IF: 5.778; Q1).
  • Fiorentino A., Esteban B., Garrido Cardenas J.A., Kowalska K., Rizzo L., Aguera A., Sánchez Pérez J.A. (2019). Effect of solar photo-Fenton process in raceway pond reactors at neutral pH on antibiotic resistance determinants in secondary treated urban wastewater. Journal of Hazardous Materials 378, 120737, (IF: 9.038; Q1).
  • Rizzo L., Malato S., Antakyali D., Beretsou V.G., Đolić M.B., Gernjak W., Heath E., Ivancev-Tumbas I., Karaolia P., Lado Ribeiro A.R., Mascolo G., McArdell C.S., Schaar H., Silva A.M.T., Fatta-Kassinos D. (2019). Consolidated vs new advanced treatment methods for the removal of contaminants of emerging concern from urban wastewater. Science of the Total Environment 655, 986–1008. DOI: (IF: 6.551; Q1).
  • Rizzo L., Agovino T., Nahim-Granados S., Castro-Alférez M., Fernández-Ibáñez P., Polo-López M.P. (2019). Tertiary treatment of urban wastewater by solar and UV-C driven advanced oxidation with peracetic acid: effect on contaminants of emerging concern and antibiotic resistance. Water Research 149, 272-281. DOI: (IF: 9.130; Q1).
  • Fiorentino, A., Cucciniello, R., Di Cesare, A., Fontaneto, D., Prete, P., Rizzo, L., Corno, G., Proto, A. (2018). Disinfection of urban wastewater by a new photo-Fenton like process using Cu-iminodisuccinic acid complex as catalyst at neutral pH. Water Research 146, 206-215, doi: 10.1016/j.watres.2018.08.024 (IF: 7.913; Q1).

Treatment industrial and refractory wastewater

Treatment and co-treatment of landfill leachate

  • Faggiano A., De Carluccio M., Cerrato F., Garcia Junior C.A., Proto A., Fiorentino A., Rizzo L. (2023). Improving organic matter and nutrients removal and minimizing sludge production in landfill leachate pre-treatment by Fenton process through a comprehensive response surface methodology approach. Journal of Environmental Management 340, 117950 (IF: 8.7; Q1).
  • Spiniello I., De Carluccio M., Castiglione S., Amineva E., Kostryukova N., Cicatelli A., Rizzo L., Guarino F. (2023). Landfill leachate treatment by a combination of a multiple plant hybrid constructed wetland system with a solar photo Fenton process in a raceway pond reactor. Journal of Environmental Management 331, 117211, (IF: 8.7; Q1).
  • De Carluccio M., Fiorentino A., Rizzo L. (2020). Multi-barrier treatment of mature landfill leachate: effect of Fenton oxidation and air stripping on activated sludge process and cost analysis. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering 8, 104444, (IF: 5.909; Q1).

Phenols removal and co-treatment of olive mill wastewater

  • Faggiano A., De Carluccio M., Fiorentino A., Ricciardi M., Cucciniello R., Proto A., Rizzo L. (2023). Photo-Fenton like process as polishing step of biologically co-treated olive mill wastewater for phenols removal. Separation and Purification Technology 305, 122525. (IF: 8.6; Q1).
  • Fiorentino A., Prete P., Rizzo L., Cucciniello R., Proto A. (2021). Fe3+-iminodisuccinate as a new green catalyst for water treatment by photo-Fenton process at neutral pH. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering 9, 106802. (IF: 7.968; Q1).

Dye removal and treatment of textile wastewater

  • Ben Ayed S., Azam M., Al Resayes S.I, Ayari F., Rizzo L. (2021). Cationic dye degradation and real textile wastewater treatment by heterogeneous photo Fenton using a novel natural catalyst. Catalysts 11, 1358. (IF: 4.501; Q2).

Treatment of hospital wastewater

  • Lofrano G., Faiella M., Carotenuto M., Murgolo S., Mascolo G., Pucci L., Rizzo L. (2021). Thirty contaminants of emerging concern identified in secondary treated hospital wastewater and their removal by solar Fenton (like) and sulphate radicals-based advanced oxidation processes. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering 9, 106614. (IF: 7.968; Q1).

Treatment of process water contaminated by surfactants

  • Carotenuto M., Libralato G., Gürses H., Siciliano A., Rizzo L., Guida M., Lofrano G. (2019). Nonylphenol deca-ethoxylate removal from wastewater by UV/H2O2: Degradation kinetics and toxicity effects. Process Safety and Environmental Protection 124, 1-7. DOI: (IF: 4.966; Q1).

Treatment of pharmaceutical wastewater

  • • Rizzo L., Lofrano G., Gago C., Bredneva T., Iannece P., Pazos M., Krasnogorskaya N., Carotenuto M. (2018). Antibiotic contaminated water treated by photo driven advanced oxidation processes: ultraviolet/H2O2 Vs ultraviolet/peracetic acid. Journal of Cleaner Production 205, 67-75. DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.09.101 (IF: 6.395; Q1).

Drinking water treatment

  • Melnikova A., Faggiano F., Visconti M., Cucciniello R., Iannece P., Kostryukova N., Proto P., Fiorentino A., Rizzo L. (2024). Photo driven homogeneous advanced oxidation coupled to adsorption process for an effective arsenic removal from drinking water. Journal of Environmental Management 349, 119568 (IF: 8.7; Q1).
  • Costa Miranda A., Lepretti M., Rizzo L., Caputo I., Vaiano V., Sacco O., Silva Lopes W., Sannino D. (2016). Surface water disinfection by chlorination and advanced oxidation processes: Inactivation of an antibiotic resistant E. coli strain and cytotoxicity evaluation. Science of The Total Environment 554–555, 1–6. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.02.189 (IF: 4.900; Q1).

Greywater treatment

  • Faggiano A., Ricciardi M., Motta O., Fiorentino A., Proto A. (2023). Greywater treatment for reuse: Effect of combined foam fractionation and persulfate-iron based fenton process in the bacterial removal and degradation of organic matter and surfactants. Journal of Cleaner Production 415, 137792 (IF: 11.1; Q1).
  • Faggiano A., Ricciardi M., Fiorentino A., Cucciniello R., Motta O., Rizzo L., Proto A. (2022). Combination of foam fractionation and photo-Fenton like processes for greywater treatment. Separation and Purification Technology 293, 121114. (IF: 8.6; Q1).

Recovery of value-added products and energy from biomass and wastewater

  • Prete P., Cespi D., Passarini F., Capacchione C., Proto A., Cucciniello R., 2022. Glycidol syntheses and valorizations: Boosting the glycerol biorefinery. Current Opinion in Green and Sustainable Chemistry 35, 100624 (IF: 9.3; Q1)
  • Faggiano A., Ricciardi M., Proto A., (2022). Catalytic Routes to Produce Polyphenolic Esters (PEs) from Biomass Feedstocks. Catalysts 2022, 12(4), 447; (IF: 3.9; Q1).
  • Piana G., Ricciardi M., Bella F., Cucciniello R., Proto A., Gerbaldi C. (2020). Poly(glycidyl ether)s recycling from industrial waste and feasibility study of reuse as electrolytes in sodium-based batteries. Chemical Engineering Journal 382, 122934 (IF: 13.273, Q1).
  • Bottini A., Rizzo L. (2012). Phosphorus recovery from urban wastewater treatment plant sludge liquor by ion exchange. Separation Science and Technology 47, 613-620. DOI: 10.1080/01496395.2011.627904. (IF: 1.164; Q3).
  • Passio L., Rizzo L., Fuchs S. (2012). Two-phase anaerobic digestion of partially acidified sewage sludge: a pilot plant study for safe sludge disposal in developing countries. Environmental Technology 33, 2089-2095. DOI: 10.1080/09593330.2012.660645. (IF: 1.606; Q3).

Treatment and reuse of rainwater

  • Fiorentino A., Lofrano G., Cucciniello R., Carotenuto M., Motta O., Proto A., Rizzo L. (2021). Disinfection of roof harvested rainwater inoculated with E. coli and Enterococcus and post-treatment bacterial regrowth: Conventional vs solar driven advanced oxidation processes. Science of the Total Environment 801, 149763, (IF: 10.753; Q1).